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TQM stands for Total Quality Management. It is an approach to quality management that aims to involve every employee in an organization in a continuous process of improving the quality of products, services, and processes.

The key principles of TQM include:

Customer focus: The ultimate goal of TQM is to meet and exceed customer expectations by delivering high-quality products and services.

Continuous improvement: TQM is a continuous process of identifying and eliminating defects, errors, and inefficiencies in every aspect of the organization.

Employee involvement: TQM emphasizes the importance of involving all employees in the quality management process, from top management to front-line workers.

Data-driven decision making: TQM relies on data and analysis to make informed decisions about quality improvements and to monitor the effectiveness of those improvements.

Process management: TQM emphasizes the importance of managing processes, rather than simply focusing on individual products or services.

Supplier partnerships: TQM recognizes that the quality of inputs from suppliers can have a significant impact on the quality of the final product or service, and emphasizes the importance of building strong relationships with suppliers.

Implementing TQM involves several steps, including:

Establishing a quality policy and objectives that are aligned with the organization’s overall goals and mission.

Developing a quality management system that defines processes for managing quality throughout the organization.

Providing training and support to employees to ensure they understand their role in the quality management process.

Establishing metrics and performance indicators to track progress toward quality objectives.

Continuously monitoring and improving processes to ensure that the organization is meeting its quality goals.

TQM is a widely recognized approach to quality management that has been adopted by many organizations around the world. It can help organizations improve customer satisfaction, reduce costs, and increase competitiveness in the marketplace.

Deming’s 14 Principles, Continuous Improvement ( Kaizen)

Deming’s 14 Principles are a set of guidelines for managing and improving quality in organizations. They were developed by W. Edwards Deming, a pioneer in the field of quality management, and have been widely adopted by organizations around the world. The 14 principles are:

Create constancy of purpose for improving products and services.

Adopt the new philosophy.

Cease dependence on mass inspection.

End the practice of awarding business on the basis of price tag alone.

Improve constantly and forever the system of production and service.

Institute training on the job.

Institute leadership.

Drive out fear.

Break down barriers between departments.

Eliminate slogans, exhortations, and targets for the workforce.

Eliminate numerical quotas.

Remove barriers to pride of workmanship.

Institute a vigorous program of education and self-improvement.

Put everybody in the company to work to accomplish the transformation.

Continuous improvement, also known as Kaizen, is a philosophy and methodology that emphasizes the importance of making small, incremental improvements to processes and systems over time. The goal of continuous improvement is to eliminate waste, reduce costs, and improve quality, safety, and productivity. The basic steps of continuous improvement include:

Identify the process or system to be improved.

Analyze the current process or system to identify opportunities for improvement.

Develop a plan to implement changes.

Implement the changes.

Monitor and measure the results.

Evaluate the success of the changes and identify further opportunities for improvement.

Repeat the cycle to continue making small, incremental improvements over time.

Continuous improvement is a key component of many quality management methodologies, including TQM, Lean Manufacturing, and Six Sigma. It is based on the belief that small, incremental improvements can have a significant impact on overall performance and can lead to sustained success over the long term.