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Positioning in marketing refers to the strategic process of creating a unique and distinct image or perception for a product, brand, or company in the minds of consumers within a target market. It involves differentiating your offering from competitors and defining how you want your target audience to perceive your product or brand. Effective positioning helps consumers understand why your product is relevant, desirable, and better suited to their needs compared to alternatives. Here’s a closer look at positioning and some product difference strategies:

Meaning of Positioning:

  • Positioning is about defining your product or brand’s place in the market relative to competitors.
  • It aims to create a clear and compelling identity for your offering in the minds of consumers so that they can easily distinguish it from others.

Product Difference Strategies: Effective positioning often relies on highlighting key differences between your product and those of your competitors. Here are several product difference strategies that can be used to achieve this:

  1. Unique Features or Technology:
    • Emphasize unique features or advanced technology that sets your product apart from competitors. This could include patents, proprietary technology, or exclusive design elements.
  2. Quality and Durability:
    • Position your product as higher quality or more durable than competitors. Highlight aspects like superior materials, craftsmanship, or reliability.
  3. Price Point:
    • Position your product based on its price relative to competitors. You can target the premium, mid-range, or budget market segments, depending on your pricing strategy.
  4. Performance:
    • Highlight superior performance characteristics, such as speed, power, efficiency, or effectiveness. This is often used in industries like electronics, automotive, and sports equipment.
  5. Innovation and Creativity:
    • If your product is innovative or creative, position it as a leader in innovation. This is common in tech, fashion, and consumer goods industries.
  6. Customization and Personalization:
    • If your product offers customization or personalization options, emphasize the ability for customers to tailor it to their specific needs or preferences.
  7. Customer Service and Support:
    • Position your product by emphasizing excellent customer service, after-sales support, warranties, or hassle-free returns.
  8. Brand Heritage and Reputation:
    • Leverage your brand’s history, heritage, or reputation to create a perception of trust, reliability, and quality.
  9. Environmental and Ethical Values:
    • If your product aligns with environmental or ethical values, position it as a responsible and socially conscious choice.
  10. Simplicity or User-Friendliness:
    • If your product is easier to use or has a simpler interface, position it as user-friendly and hassle-free compared to complex alternatives.
  11. Exclusive Distribution or Accessibility:
    • Highlight exclusive distribution channels or availability in unique locations to create a perception of exclusivity or accessibility.
  12. Customer Testimonials and Reviews:
    • Share positive customer testimonials and reviews to build trust and credibility.
  13. Comparison Charts and Infographics:
    • Create visual aids that compare your product’s features, benefits, or value proposition to competitors. This helps consumers make informed choices.
  14. Emotional Appeal:
    • Create an emotional connection by aligning your product with consumers’ values, aspirations, or lifestyle.

The choice of which product difference strategy to employ depends on various factors, including the nature of your product, your target audience, competitive landscape, and market conditions. Effective positioning is not only about highlighting differences but also about communicating how those differences provide value and relevance to consumers. It should resonate with your target audience and influence their purchasing decisions positively.